Terpenes are a vital part of why cannabis is such an effective treatment for a variety of illnesses and conditions. Plants that are part of the Cannabis Sativa genus are rich in terpenes, and many of these substances are unique to marijuana. What is so magical about terpenes?
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are present in a variety of plants and fruits including pine needles, mangos, lemons and lavender. Most of those plants have a mundane terpene profile, but cannabis boasts a broad range of terpenes. Terpenes are responsible for creating the aroma of different strains, and each type of terpene has a different effect.
The Most Common Terpenes
There are eleven common types of terpenes in cannabis, and all of them have different medicinal uses:
Limonene: Mood regulation, bronchitis, cancer
Linalool: Insomnia, cancer, inflammation
Myrcene: Inflammation, insomnia
Delta 3 Carene: Inflammation
Alpha Bisabolol: Anti-bacterial, inflammation
Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene: Inflammation
Terpineol: Antioxidant properties
Caryophyllene: Anxiety, depression, chronic pain
Nerolidol: Anti-fungal, insomnia
How Do Terpenes Work?
Terpenes are vital to the success of both high-THC and high-CBD products. Aside from their independent therapeutic properties, they work very well in conjunction with cannabinoids. The interaction between cannabinoids and terpenes is known as the entourage effect in science. Terpenes help to accelerate the process of releasing cannabinoids into the bloodstream. Once it’s there, they can help to enhance or change the effect that cannabis has on you. Linalool, for example, alters the way that your neurotransmitters respond to cannabinoids. As a result, you might experience a sedative sensation. That’s part of why linalool is a valuable terpene for the treatment of insomnia and inflammation.
If you aren’t sure which type of terpenes are most appropriate for your condition and situation, consult with your doctor. We are always happy to educate our patients about how to find the best terpene and THC or terpene and CBD combination for your specific situation. Edibles and oils can all contain a variety of terpenes to enhance cannabis effects and providing the most therapeutic experience possible.
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Baltimore Progressive Compassionate Care is a medical office dedicated to providing patients with expert, comprehensive care. We offer our patients concierge medical services, wellness supplements and consultation, in addition to medical marijuana for eligible individuals. Experience an improved quality of life with Dr. Weng and Baltimore Progressive Compassionate Care.